The different types of burn are clasified by degrees that go from first to fourth grade. To avoid burns, one must take different precautions during the everyday activities. For instance, it is advisable to reduce the amount of oil when frying food, thus preventing the splash of the bursting bubbles from the boiling oil. Every action meant to prevent risks that can cause potential burns are advisable.
Burns have a variety of causes, including:
- scalding from hot, boiling liquids
- chemical burns
- electrical burns
- fires, including flames from matches, candles, and lighters
- excessive sun exposure
Being chemical burns those which require immediate medical attention, even if the skin damage is minor, due to the further consequences implied: such as poisoning and other changes that can affect the insides of the body.
Some tips about taking care of first, second and third degree burns
First degree burns, also known as superficial burns because affect only the superficial layer of the skin, can be treated by soaking the affected area in cold water for a few minutes and applying lidocaine or any other topic anesthetic with aloe vera to soothe the skin. These injures shall heal in a period of 10 days or less.
- Second degree burns extend beyond the superficial skin layer and may cause sores and blisters. The nature of these injuries is more delicate and require appropiate bandaging and care, include cleansing of the affected area. This kind of burn takes a longer period to heal, depending on the gravity of the sores and blisters and may require the use of antibiotics to avoid infection.
- Third degree burns extend to every layer of the skin and imply severe damage to the tissue, including nerve damage. This kind of injury may never be self-treated at home: get professional help immediately.