Some days on ward rounds we have time for relatively short chalk talks. Over the years I have developed many. Learners seem to like this one in particular.
We start with this question – name complications that cirrhotic patients develop for which we have secondary prevention. Knowing this list and the associated drugs allows us to peruse the drug list to add to the PMH when it is not readily available.
Here is my list:
Esophageal varices – most patients with significant varices are taking a non-specific beta blocker. More recently evidence suggests that carvedilol might be better than propranolol or nadolol.
Ascites – not hard to diagnose – often taking spironolactone and furosemide.
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis – prophylactic antibiotics – recommendations change according to your reference
Encephalopathy – lactulose (many patients hate this) and/or rifaximin
Hepatorenal type 2 – midodrine
When one has enough time you stretch out this topics and add more information.
I have left out HCC – not really secondary prevention. One might expand this list for some unusual complications, but this list seems to fit the patients admitted to a community hospital and a VA hospital.
I hope this is helpful.